Strategi Peningkatan Ekspor Turunan Sawit Indonesia melalui Diplomasi Ekonomi dalam Menarik Investor Asing (Studi Kasus: PT. Kutai Refinery Nusantara)

Sayadi, Samantha Christy (2021) Strategi Peningkatan Ekspor Turunan Sawit Indonesia melalui Diplomasi Ekonomi dalam Menarik Investor Asing (Studi Kasus: PT. Kutai Refinery Nusantara). S1 thesis, Universitas Kristen Indonesia.

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Abstract

Turunan minyak kelapa sawit merupakan salah satu komoditas ekspor Indonesia yang memiliki nilai tambah ekonomi yang lebih besar jika dibandingkan dengan ekspor minyak kelapa sawit mentah. Namun, Indonesia mengalami ketertinggalan untuk ekspor turunan minyak kelapa sawit. Ketertinggalan Indonesia dalam ekspor turunan minyak kelapa sawit disebabkan oleh kurangnya industri hilir kelapa sawit di Indonesia. Kurangnya industri hilir kelapa sawit di Indonesia, dipengaruhi oleh minimnya partisipasi investor asing yang berinvestasi dalam industri hilir kelapa sawit Indonesia. Hal ini menyebabkan kurangnya pabrik pengolahan turunan minyak kelapa sawit di Indonesia, sehingga memengaruhi ekspor turunan minyak kelapa sawit Indonesia. Salah satu strategi yang dapat digunakan untuk meningkatkan ekspor turunan minyak kelapa sawit Indonesia yaitu melalui diplomasi ekonomi dengan melakukan promosi kebijakan Indonesia untuk menarik minat para investor asing agar berinvestasi ke dalam industri hilir kelapa sawit di Indonesia. Adanya investasi asing dalam industri hilir kelapa sawit di Indonesia, dapat mendorong perkembangan pabrik – pabrik pengolahan turunan minyak kelapa sawit sehingga dapat meningkatkan ekspor turunan minyak kelapa sawit Indonesia. PT. Kutai refinery Nusantara merupakan salah satu perusahaan hasil investasi asing di Indonesa yang memiliki pabrik pengolahan turunan sawit terbesar di Kalimantan Timur. Penelitian ini akan membahas strategi peningkatan ekspor turunan sawit Indonesia melalui diplomasi ekonomi dalam menarik investor asing (Studi Kasus: PT. Kutai Refinery Nusantara). Konsep yang digunakan adalah konsep diplomasi ekonomi, foreign direct investment atau investasi asing langsung. Tulisan ini menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dengan model studi kasus dan tipe penelitian deskriptif analitik.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kehadiran investasi asing di Indonesia memainkan peran penting dalam mendorong pertumbuhan industri hilir kelapa sawit yang dapat meningkatkan ekspor turunan minyak kelapa sawit. Perspektif diplomasi ekonomi dengan mempromosikan kebijakan Indonesia digunakan untuk menarik minat investor asing dalam industri hilir kelapa sawit. Kehadiran PT. Kutai Refinery Nusantara sebagai salah satu perusahaan pemilik modal asing yang memiliki pabrik prngolahan turunan sawit terbesar di Kalimantan Timur dapat mendorong ekspor turunan sawit Indonesia. Kata Kunci: Turunan Sawit, Diplomasi Ekonomi, Investasi Asing, PT. Kutai Refinery Nusantara/ Palm oil derivatives are one of Indonesia's export commodities that have greater economic added value when compared to exports of crude palm oil. However, Indonesia is lagging behind in exporting palm oil derivatives. Indonesia's lag in exports of palm oil derivatives is due to the lack of a palm oil downstream industry in Indonesia. The lack of downstream palm oil industry in Indonesia is influenced by the minimal participation of foreign investors who invest in Indonesia's palm oil downstream industry. This causes a lack of palm oil derivative processing plants in Indonesia, thus affecting the export of Indonesian palm oil derivatives. One strategy that can be used to increase exports of Indonesian palm oil derivatives is through economic diplomacy by promoting Indonesian policies to attract foreign investors to invest in the downstream palm oil industry in Indonesia. The presence of foreign investment in the downstream palm oil industry in Indonesia can encourage the development of palm oil derivative processing factories so as to increase exports of Indonesian palm oil derivatives. PT. Kutai Refinery Nusantara is one of the companies resulting from foreign investment in Indonesia which has the largest palm derivative processing plant in East Kalimantan. This study will discuss the strategy of increasing exports of Indonesian palm oil derivatives through economic diplomacy in attracting foreign investors (Case Study: PT. Kutai Refinery Nusantara). The concept used is the concept of economic diplomacy, foreign direct investment. This paper uses a qualitative research method with a case study model and descriptive analytical research type. The results show that the presence of foreign investment in Indonesia plays an important role in encouraging the growth of the downstream palm oil industry which can increase exports of palm oil derivatives. The perspective of economic diplomacy by promoting Indonesian policies is used to attract foreign investors in the downstream palm oil industry. The presence of PT. Kutai Refinery Nusantara as one of the companies that owns foreign capital which has the largest palm oil derivative processing factory in East Kalimantan can encourage exports of Indonesian palm oil derivatives. Subjects: Palm Oil Derivatives, Economic Diplomacy, Foreign Investmen, PT. Kutai Refinery Nusantara.

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorRobertua, VerdinandNIDN314038602verdinand.siahaan@gmail.com
Subjects: POLITICAL SCIENCE > International relations
Divisions: FAKULTAS ILMU SOSIAL DAN ILMU POLITIK > Ilmu Hubungan Internasional
Depositing User: Ms Samantha Christy Sayadi
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2021 04:11
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2021 04:11
URI: http://repository.uki.ac.id/id/eprint/5431

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