Gambaran Pengetahuan Dan Perilaku Pada Barista Terhadap Hipertensi Di Kedai Kopi Cileungsi

Hazar, Ari Prayoga Burnama (2019) Gambaran Pengetahuan Dan Perilaku Pada Barista Terhadap Hipertensi Di Kedai Kopi Cileungsi. S1 thesis, Universitas Kristen Indonesia.

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Abstract

Hipertensi atau tekanan darah tinggi adalah peningkatan tekanan darah sistolik lebih dari 140 mmHg dan tekanan darah diastolic lebih dari 90 mmHg pada dua kali pengukuran dengan selang waktu lima menit dalam keadaan cukup istirahat atau tenang. Banyak faktor yang dapat memperbesar risiko atau kecenderungan seseorang menderita hipertensi, diantaranya ciri-ciri individu seperti umur, jenis kelamin dan suku, faktor genetik serta faktor lingkungan seperti kebiasaan minum kopi dan merokok. Kandungan kafein dalam kopi yang berlebih dapat berdampak negatif bagi kesehatan salah satunya hipertensi. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, penulis tertarik ingin melakukan meneliti gambaran pengetahuan dan perilaku pada barista terhadap hipertensi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analitik deskriptif. Penelitian dilakukan di kedai kopi daerah Cileungsi, Jawa Barat pada bulan Desember 2018 – Januari 2019. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua barista, sedangkan sampel penelitian ini adalah semua barista di kedai kopi daerah Cileungsi, Jawa Barat sebanyak 56 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar 26 barista (46,4%) berpengetahuan cukup baik tentang dampak kafein terhadap hipertensi, 15 barista (26,8%) berpengetahuan baik tentang dampak kafein terhadap hipertensi, dan 15 barista (26,8%) berpengetahuan kurang baik tentang dampak kafein terhadap hipertensi. Selain itu sebagian besar 34 barista (60,7%) berperilaku kurang baik tentang dampak kafein terhadap hipertensi, 12 barista (21,4%) berperilaku cukup baik tentang dampak kafein terhadap hipertensi, dan hanya 10 barista (17,9%) berperilaku baik tentang dampak kafein terhadap hipertensi. Disarankan agar barista perlu melakukan tindak pencegahan hipertensi dengan cara mengatur konsumsi kopi untuk mengendalikan tingkat hipertensi. Kata kunci : Pengetahuan, Perilaku, Kafein, Hipertensi Hypertension or high blood pressure is an increase in the systolic blood pressure for more than 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure for more than 90 mmHg on two measurements with an interval of five minutes in a state of adequate rest or calm. Many factors can increase the risk or tendency of someone suffering from hypertension, including individual characteristics such as age, gender and ethnicity, genetic factors and environmental factors such as coffee and smoking habits. The content of caffeine in an excess coffee consumption able to cause a negative impact on health, such as hypertension. Based on this background, the writer is interested in doing a study of the overview of the knowledge and behavior of the barista regarding hypertension. This study used a descriptive analytical methods. The study was conducted in the Cileungsi regional coffee shops, West Java in December 2018 – January 2019. The population in this study were all baristas, while the sample of this study were all baristas in the Cileungsi regional coffee shop, West Java as many as 56 people. The results showed that most of the barista, as many as 26 baristas (46.4%) were quite well informed about the effects of caffeine on hypertension, 15 baristas (26.8%) were wellinformed about the effects of caffeine on hypertension, and 15 baristas (26.8%) were lacked about the impact of caffeine on hypertension. In addition most of the barista, as many as 34 baristas (60.7%) behaved poorly about the impact of caffeine on hypertension, 12 baristas (21.4%) behaved quite well about the effects of caffeine on hypertension, and only 10 baristas (17.9%) behaved well about the effects of caffeine on hypertension. It is recommended that baristas need to take certain measures to prevent hypertension by regulating the coffee consumption to control the level of hypertension.. Keywords: Knowledge, Behavior, Caffeine, Hypertension

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Subjects: MEDICINE > Internal medicine
MEDICINE > Internal medicine > Specialties of internal medicine > Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
Divisions: FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN > Pendidikan Dokter
Depositing User: Mr Alexander Jeremia
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2020 04:55
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2020 06:52
URI: http://repository.uki.ac.id/id/eprint/1190

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