Korelasi Antara Pola Makan Dengan Kadar Kolesterol Total Dalam Darah Pada Jemaat Gereja HKBP Jalan Jend. Sudirman Jakarta Bulan September 2018

Hasibuan, Halia Ignatia Estelita (2018) Korelasi Antara Pola Makan Dengan Kadar Kolesterol Total Dalam Darah Pada Jemaat Gereja HKBP Jalan Jend. Sudirman Jakarta Bulan September 2018. S1 thesis, Universitas Kristen Indonesia.

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Abstract

Kadar kolesterol total >200 mg/dL (hiperkolesterolemia) berulang kali dikaitkan dengan penyakit kardiovaskuler dan penyakit degeneratif lainnya. Beberapa hal dapat menjadi faktor risiko terjadinya hiperkolesterolemia, salah satunya adalah pola makan. Pola makan merupakan suatu langkah sederhana yang dapat dimodifikasi untuk menghindari terjadinya hiperkolesterolemia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan korelasi antara pola makan dengan kadar kolesterol total dalam darah pada jemaat HKBP Sudirman bulan September 2018 menggunakan metode potong lintang. Tidak terdapat kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi dalam pengambilan sampel dan didapatkan responden sebanyak 38 orang. Data diambil dengan penyebaran kuesioner dan pemeriksaan kolesterol total menggunakan rapid test, setelah itu data diolah menggunakan uji analasis Pearson Chi-Square dan disajikan dalam bentuk tabel distribusi frekuensi serta tabel bivariat Chi-Square. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara frekuensi konsumsi kabohidrat dengan kadar kolesterol total responden (p = 0,031). Namun, tidak terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara frekuensi konsumsi protein (p = 0,631), frekuensi konsumsi lemak (p = 0,150), frekuensi konsumsi serat (p = 0,631) dan frekuensi konsumsi makanan cepat saji (p = 0,150) dengan kadar kolesterol total responden. Kata kunci: Pola Makan, Kadar Kolesterol Total Serum total cholesterol levels above 200mg/dL (hypercholesterolemia) have repeatedly been correlated with cardiovascular and other degenerative diseases. There are many risk factors that can lead to hypercholesterolemia, one of which is dietary pattern. Dietary pattern is one simple way to start, which can be modified to avoid the occurrence of hypercholesterolemia. The aim of this study is to describe the correlation between dietary pattern with serum total cholesterol levels within HKBP Sudirman church congregation on September 2018 using cross sectional study, and the sample were obtained from accidental sampling, therefore, there is no requirement for both inclusion and exclusion criteria. In total, there were 38 respondents who contributed to this research. Data retrieval was done using questionnaires for the dietary pattern and rapid test for the serum total cholesterol levels. The data was then analyzed by Pearson Chi-Square test. Based on the result of the study, there was a significant relationship between carbohydrate consumption frequency with serum total cholesterol levels of the respondents (p = 0,031). In contrast, the significant relationship between protein consumption frequency (p = 0,631), fat consumption frequency (p = 0150), fiber consumption frequency (p = 0,631) and fast food consumption frequency (p = 0,150) with serum total cholesterol levels of the respondents were not found. Keywords: Dietary Pattern, Serum Total Cholesterol Levels

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Subjects: MEDICINE > Internal medicine > Specialties of internal medicine > Nutritional diseases. Deficiency diseases
MEDICINE > Internal medicine > Specialties of internal medicine > Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
Divisions: FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN > Pendidikan Dokter
Depositing User: Ms Sari Mentari Simanjuntak
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2020 07:47
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2020 07:47
URI: http://repository.uki.ac.id/id/eprint/1169

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