Perbedaan Kadar Natrium Pada Pasien Pneumonia TB Dan Non-TB Di RSU UKI Periode 2015-2019

Triadi, Randi Alan (2022) Perbedaan Kadar Natrium Pada Pasien Pneumonia TB Dan Non-TB Di RSU UKI Periode 2015-2019. S1 thesis, Universitas Kristen Indonesia.

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Abstract

Pneumonia bakterial maupun TB merupakan penyakit yang selama berabad-abad telah menyertai umat manusia dan terus menjadi masalah kesehatan di seluruh penjuru dunia, terutama pada negara-negara dengan status sosio-ekonomi menengah ke rendah, termasuk Indonesia. Hiponatremia merupakan salah satu temuan klinis yang paling sering ditemukan pada pasien rawat inap, terutama pneumonia. Dampak dari temuan ini merupakan sesuatu yang tidak dapat diabaikan dalam merencanakan perawatan pasien dengan penyakit pneumonia TB dan non-TB. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti perbedaan rerata kadar natrium serum antara pasien pneumonia TB dan non-TB rawat inap di Rumah Sakit Umum Universitas Kristen Indonesia pada tahun 2015-2019. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross-sectional retrospektif. Pengambilan data menggunakan instrument rekam medis yang dicatat dari arsip rekam medis RSU UKI. Total sampel yang diuji meliputi 30 pasien pneumonia TB dan 30 pasien pneumonia non-TB. Pada pneumonia TB, sebanyak 9 pasien (30%) mengalami hiponatremia, 1 pasien (3.3%) mengalami hipernatremia dan rerata natrium serum 136,63 (SD=6,4). Pada pneumonia non-TB, sebanyak 12 pasien (40%)mengalami hiponatremia, 4 pasien (13,3%) mengalami hipernatremia dan rerata natrium serum 136,83 (SD=9,03). Hasil uji statistika dengan tes Mann-Whitney U menunjukan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan secara statistik antara rata-rata natrium pada pasien pneumonia TB dengan non-TB (IK 95% p=0,853 ; >0,05). Penelitian ini tidak menemukan adanya perbedaan secara statistik pada kadar rerata natrium serum pada pasien rawat inap pneumonia TB dan non-TB./ Pneumonia, whether it’s bacterial or TB is a disease that have plagued humanity for centuries and continues to be a health problem in all corners of the globe, affecting to a further extent, countries with medium to low socio-economic status including Indonesia. Hyponatremia is one of the most common clinical finding in inpatient settings and especially true in pneumonia TB and non-TB patients. Impact of a finding to this nature is something that can’t be ignored in the process of planning medical care for patients with pneumonia TB and non-TB. This study aims to research the difference of mean serum sodium between patients diagnosed with pneumonia TB and non-TB within inpatient care treated in General Hospital of Christian University of Indonesia (RSU UKI) during the 2015-2019 period. Overall studied sample includes 30 pneumonia TB patients and 30 pneumonia non-TB patients. Findings among pneumonia TB patients reveals 9 patients (30%) with hyponatremia, 1 patient (3,3%) with hypernatremia and mean serum sodium of 136,63 (SD=6,4). Findings among pneumonia non-TB patients reveals 12 patients (40%) with hyponatremia, 4 patients (13,3%) with hypernatremia and mean serum sodium of 136,83 (SD=9,03). Statistical analysis with Mann-Whitney U test shows no statistical difference in mean sodium between patients with pneumonia TB and non-TB (CI 95% p=0,853 ; >0,05). This research fails to find any statistical difference of mean serum sodium between pneumonia TB and non-TB patients within in-patient care.

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorTan, KurniyantoNIDN0312118407UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: MEDICINE > Internal medicine
Divisions: FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN > Pendidikan Dokter
Depositing User: Users 1705 not found.
Date Deposited: 23 May 2022 02:55
Last Modified: 23 May 2022 02:55
URI: http://repository.uki.ac.id/id/eprint/7939

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