Risk Factors for Poor Visual Outcome in Traumatic Hyphema: Jakarta Eye Trauma Study

Simanjuntak, Gilbert W S and Farinthska, G and Simanjuntak, GAM and Artini, W and Natali, Reinne (2018) Risk Factors for Poor Visual Outcome in Traumatic Hyphema: Jakarta Eye Trauma Study. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, 21 (7). pp. 921-924.

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Abstract

Objective: To report the risk factors for poor visual outcome in traumatic hyphema. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was done by collecting data from medical records between January 2011 and December 2015 in Jakarta, Indonesia. Clinical data included initial visual acuity (IVA), final VA at 3 months, slit lamp evaluation with grading of hyphema, intraocular pressure, and fundus findings on direct or indirect ophthalmoscopy. Results: The study included 97 patients, with males showing a preponderance, the ratio being 9:1. Soft gun pellet was the most common cause (27.8%), others being workplace injuries (12.4%), sports injury (14.4%), traffic accident (2.1%), and other injuries (43.3%). Poor visual outcome was due to vitreous hemorrhage, cataract, iridodialysis, and choroidal rupture. On statistical analysis, significant risk factors were causality (P = 0.018), IVA (P = 0.026), onset of injury (0.000), and grade of hyphema (P = 0.000). Conclusion: Grade of hyphema, IVA, causality, and onset of injury were significant risk factors related to poor visual outcome in traumatic hyphema.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: MEDICINE
Depositing User: Edi Wibowo
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2019 06:57
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2019 06:57
URI: http://repository.uki.ac.id/id/eprint/784

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