TOXICITY TEST AND PHYTOCHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION OF RIMBANG (Solanum torvum Swartz) EXTRACT

Alfarabi, Muhammad and Widyadhari, Gupita (2018) TOXICITY TEST AND PHYTOCHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION OF RIMBANG (Solanum torvum Swartz) EXTRACT. AL-KAUNIYAH: Journal of Biology, 11 (2). pp. 109-115. ISSN 2502 6720

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Abstract

Many plants in Indonesia are used as food and medicine, such as rimbang (Solanum torvum Swartz). This plant has been widely known as a vegetable which the fruit consumed in raw and also useful in traditional medicine. However, scientific studies on the toxic effects and compounds contained in its fruit and stem have not been widely carried out, so the aim of this study is to provide information on the toxicity effects of them and their compounds. The Brine Shrimp Lethality Test (BSLT) was used to determine the toxicity effect of the extracts, while the compounds in these extracts were detected by using phytochemical assay. The results showed that those extracts have toxicity effects. The LC50 of the fruit extract was 248 ppm while the stem extract was 129 ppm. The fruit extract contained alkaloid and tannin, while the stem extract contained alkaloid, saponin, and tannin. Both extracts have potential to be a resource of anticancer phytopharmaca. Keywords: Phytochemical; Rimbang; Solanum torvum; Toxicity

Item Type: Article
Subjects: MEDICINE > Pharmacy and materia medica
MEDICINE > Botanic, Thomsonian, and eclectic medicine
AGRICULTURE
Depositing User: Ms Sari Mentari Simanjuntak
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2019 08:40
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 08:40
URI: http://repository.uki.ac.id/id/eprint/773

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