INDONESIA INTIATIVE IN COMBATING AND PREVENTING DRUGS ABUSE: FROM “CRIMINALIZATION” TO “DECRIMINALIZATION” POLICY

Herindrasti, VL Sinta (2018) INDONESIA INTIATIVE IN COMBATING AND PREVENTING DRUGS ABUSE: FROM “CRIMINALIZATION” TO “DECRIMINALIZATION” POLICY. Technical Report. Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Indonesia, Jakarta. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Narcotic drugs and Psychotropic substances abuse has been a global phenomenon and threat for humanity. In the regional level, especially Southeast Asia, illegal distribution of international syndicate networks is increasing. Together with the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia and Papua New-Guinea, Indonesia is not solely a transit country anymore but it has become the final destination of illicit drugs trafficking. Indonesia drug abusers increased significantly from 5.9 million (2015) to 6.0 million (2017) who 70% of them were estimated to be young people at the age of 14-20 years old. Within the context of Drug-Free ASEAN 2015, Indonesia is actively socializing “decriminalization” policy to abusers through rehabilitation target between 100-200.000 persons per year despite the trend that most countries are giving heavier punishment for abusers. This article is going to examine Indonesia’s initiatives in combating and preventing drugs abuse which has reached the level of “drugs emergency”. Although there are many advantages in this new approach, the writer argues that the implementation of the rehabilitation approach still faces various challenges such as policy implementation’s priority, mindset changing of the executors, unfully operational system, infrastructure availability, reliable rehabilitation method test, which generate questions on the effectiveness of the decriminalisation policy. In the future, continuous evaluation is needed to make sure that the policy is implemented well and provides impact as expected, which is to decrease the number of drug abusers.

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Subjects: SOCIAL SCIENCES > Social pathology. Social and public welfare > Drug habits. Drug abuse
Depositing User: Edi Wibowo
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2018 05:00
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2019 10:33
URI: http://repository.uki.ac.id/id/eprint/422

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