The effect of antioxidant concentration of N-isopropyl-N-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, and 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline and mixing time of physical properties,thermal properties, mechanical properties and microstructure on natural rubber compound

Budiarto, (2017) The effect of antioxidant concentration of N-isopropyl-N-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, and 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline and mixing time of physical properties,thermal properties, mechanical properties and microstructure on natural rubber compound. In: AIP Conference Proceedings. American Institute of Physics.

[img]
Preview
Text
Budiarto proc.pdf

Download (719kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://aip.scitation.org/

Abstract

Study the influence of high concentrations of antioxidants N-isopropyl-N-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (IPPD) and 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline (TMQ) and the mixing time of the vulcanization physical properties, thermal properties, mechanical properties and structure micro on natural rubber compound has been done. The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of anti-oxidants types IPPD and TMQ and mixing time of vulcanization of the physical properties, mechanical properties, microstructure and elemental composition of the synthesis of natural rubber compound. Processes of vulcanization with variations in the concentration of antioxidant IPPD and TMQ: 2, 3, and 4 grams and mixing time: 20, 30, and 40 minutes. Analysis characterization of physical properties and mechanical properties of natural rubber compound showed that the maturity value 0,499Nm (TMQ) and 0.489 Nm (IPPD), Mooney viscosity value of 26.7 (TMQ) and 20.8 (IPPD), the value of the elongation at break 583.75 % (IPPD), and 552.63% (TMQ) as well as the value of tensile strength of 28.108 M.Pa (TMQ), and 27.986 M.Pa (IPPD). Analysis of thermal properties of natural rubber compound antioxidant IPPD with DTA shows there are three endothermic peak on the curve that is temperature 405ºC, 550ºC and 660ºC and tested by TGA showed that the curve of the total reduction in the sample are 81.745% and compound rubber antioxidant TMQ with the analysis of DTA also contained 3 endothermic peak at a temperature 397,21ºC, 514,02ºC, and 610,27ºC and TGA analysis shows the curve of the total sample of 82.356% reduction. Gsi fun group analysis rubber-antioxidant compound IPPD / TMQ with FTIR spectrophotometer shows some typical infrared absorption peak at the wave number (1 / λ) 833-895 cm-1 for cluster / CH bonds, 1,313 cm-1 for group / single bond Si-O, 1368 cm-1 to g ugus / single bond CC, 1507 cm-1, for cluster / bond C = C, 1665 cm-1For cluster / bond-C = O, 2128 cm-1 is the group / bond CN single, 3371cm-1 for group-OH, 3506 cm-1 for cluster / CH3 bond and 3585 cm-1 showed the presence of vibration in the cluster / bond-NH. The results of morphological observation with SEM produces uneven surface (homogeneous) and are compatible at 2000 times magnification, as well as the test composition by EDX spectroscopy showed that the biggest element in the rubber compound is carbon and Zn, S, Ca, Si, Mg, Al, N. This shows that the natural rubber compound antioxidant IPPD / TMQ meet the standard of "Mechanical Properties of Industrial Tyre rubber Compounds

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: TECHNOLOGY > Mechanical engineering and machinery
Depositing User: Edi Wibowo
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2018 10:31
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2019 08:41
URI: http://repository.uki.ac.id/id/eprint/318

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item